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A new approach for user-independent determination of formability of a steel sheet sheared edge

Autoren:Behrens, B.-A.; Bouguecha, A.; Peshekhodov, I.; Schneider, M.
Kategorie:Zeitschriften/Aufsätze (reviewed)
Jahr:2016
Veröffentlichung:Prod. Eng. Res. Devel. (2016) 10, S. 241–252
DOI: 10.1007/s11740-016-0677-4

Abstract

It is common to use a forming limit curve (FLC) for a feasibility study of a deep-drawn steel part based on a finite element analysis (FEA). However, in such an approach a neglected fact is that a blank edge in industrial production is often produced by shear cutting. Especially, for many high strength steel grades, this cutting process notably reduces edge formability. An overestimation of formability of the blank edge, with an FLC, is the consequence that may lead to cracks at the sheared edge of a part. The following paper describes a new approach to determine formability of a sheet-steel sheared edge by hole expansion test that uses an FLC tool set. This approach delivers a hole expansion ratio with considerably lower scattering compared to the hole expansion according to ISO 16630. Additionally, information on the planar isotropy, flow and necking behavior of the material, is supplied. Finally, a pragmatical way of transferring test results into an FEA of the forming process for a sheet blank with a sheared edge is presented.